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Data which examines commuting patterns for those in employment and is based solely on a person’s main job for 2023.

The data shows commuting flows from areas in Wales to other areas (both in and out of Wales).

Impact of coronavirus

In 2020, responses for work location relate to the respondent’s usual working pattern if coronavirus restrictions were not in place. From January to September 2021, responders were asked to consider where they would usually work prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, data published for 2020 and 2021 do not reflect actual commuting patterns observed during the pandemic.

Respondents who were furloughed are included and answered based on their workplace location if they were working.

Since October to December 2021 the guidance changed to ask about respondents ‘usual’ working patterns, therefore data from 2022 onwards will reflect actual commuting patterns.


Datasets and interactive tools


Joe Davies

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