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Cross-cutting bilateral agreements signed by Welsh Government and countries and regions across the world.

First published:
6 March 2023
Last updated:

A cross-cutting bilateral agreement records an understanding between 2 parties which is not intended to be binding in law. They can be in the form of a single document and can have a variety of names.

Since devolution, Welsh Ministers have signed a number of cross-cutting bi-lateral agreements with other countries and regions in order to build a mutually beneficial relationship and to further cooperation across a number of policy areas.

Given their non-binding nature, some agreements are not renewed while others lapse and become dormant over time. This can be down to a shift in policy focus, a lack of political will, or simply the agreed cooperation has been achieved or has reached a natural conclusion. The following lists our active cross-cutting bilateral agreements at country or regional level

Quebec: Declaration of Intent

Signed 2020

Areas of co-operation:

  • Economy
  • Innovation
  • Culture
  • Language policy
  • Education

Basque Country: Memorandum of Understanding

Re-signed 2021

Areas of co-operation:

  • Mobility and transport
  • Environment and climate change
  • Technology, innovation and competitiveness
  • Marine energy
  • Agri-food
  • Education and training
  • Fiscal strategy and policy
  • Health and social care
  • Business

Ireland: Joint Statement

Signed 2021

Areas of co-operation:

  • Political and official engagement
  • Climate and sustainability
  • Trade and tourism
  • Education and research
  • Culture, language and heritage
  • Communities, diaspora and sport

Oita Prefecture: Memorandum of Understanding

Signed 2022

Areas of co-operation:

  • Arts and culture
  • Sport
  • Academia
  • Tourism
  • Food and drink

Flanders: Memorandum of Understanding

Signed 2023

Areas of co-operation:

  • Digitisation
  • Education
  • Research
  • Sustainable Futures
  • Language Policy
  • Care
  • Culture

Brittany: Memorandum of Understanding

Re-signed 2023

Areas of co-operation:

  • Culture
  • Language policy
  • Tourism
  • Natural and cultural heritage
  • Sustainable development
  • Teaching and research
  • Youth, sport and European citizenship
  • Agriculture, agrifood and rural development
  • Economy and innovation
  • Cyber security
  • Health, social policy and equality

Birmingham, Alabama: International Friendship Pact

Signed 2023

Areas of potential co-operation:

  • Arts and Culture
  • Life Science and Healthcare
  • Education

Baden-W├╝rttemberg: Shared Statement of Cooperation 

Signed 2023

Areas of co-operation:

  • Trade and Entrepreneurship
  • Science and Research
  • Education and Youth 
  • Culture and Communities
  • Environment and Climate Protection

Silesia: Memorandum of Understanding

Signed 2024

Areas of co-operation:

  • Life Sciences
  • Cyber Security
  • Green transformation of post-industrial landscapes
  • Science and innovation
  • Education
  • Tourism