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Management information on persons placed into temporary accommodation and rough sleepers for September 2023.


This monthly data collection was introduced during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

It covers temporary accommodation and provision of long-term accommodation for people who present to local authorities for housing support as they are at risk of homelessness.

For the estimates of rough sleeping, we publish a breakdown by local authority. For data on use of accommodation, we are initially publishing data at the Wales-level only. 

The figures for the latest month should be treated as provisional. These data have not undergone the same level of quality assurance as official statistics and the data may be revised in future. 

Where revisions have occurred since the publication of last month’s data, figures will differ from those previously published. Please use the most recent data, available to download in the ‘Data’ section below, to ensure the figures you use are up to date. Figures that have been revised since previously published are marked with an [r]. 

Planned Developments

Following user feedback we are currently developing this publication which is based on management information. We are continuing to work closely with local authorities to strengthen the data collection guidance and improve data quality.

For October data onwards we will be publishing data in Table 2: Number of homeless individuals in temporary accommodation at the end of the month, by local authority as well as by accommodation type. In addition, all data will move from the current spreadsheet format to StatsWales under the Homelessness section. This change will take place in January 2024.

Suspension of the Rough Sleepers Count 2023

The national rough sleeper count was suspended in 2020 to 2022 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Chief Statistician has decided to suspend the 2023 count due to the availability of rough sleeper data through this monthly homelessness data publication and to reduce demand on resources at local authorities and Welsh Government.

We will consider the long-term future of the rough sleeper count and engage with users prior to the 2024 count.

Main points

Comparisons over time

At this stage, it is important not to put too much emphasis on data for an individual month or comparisons with previous months. This monthly collection of management information and the guidance provided is continuing to be refined and improved.

Use of temporary accommodation

  • Throughout Wales, there were 1,602 occurrences of homeless people placed into temporary accommodation during the month, 177 fewer than in August 2023. Of these, 397 were dependent children aged under 16, 83 fewer than in August 2023.
  • Of the placements into temporary accommodation during September 2023, most occurrences came from ‘Other’ circumstances (745 occurrences), followed by ‘Moved from other unsuitable accommodation’ (539 occurrences). [footnote 1]
  • At 30 September 2023, 11,228 individuals were in temporary accommodation, 43 more than at 31 August 2023. 3,409 of these were dependent children aged under 16, 4fewer than at 31 August 2023.
  • The type of accommodation temporarily housing the most individuals at the end of September 2023 was ‘bed and breakfasts and hotels’ with 3,626 individuals, of which 940 were dependent children under 16.
  • Between the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic and the end of September 2023, over 42,500 people who were previously homeless have been supported into emergency temporary accommodation. [footnote 2]

Homeless individuals moved into suitable long-term accommodation

  • In September 2023, 742 homeless individuals were moved into suitable long-term accommodation, 94 more than in August 2023. Of the individuals moved into suitable long-term accommodation, 274 were dependent children aged under 16, 33 more than in August 2023.

Rough sleeping

  • As at 30 September 2023, there were an estimated 135 individuals sleeping rough throughout Wales. This is 32 fewer than the 167 individuals sleeping rough at 31 August 2023. [footnote 3][footnote 4]
  • As at 30 September 2023, Newport (35), Cardiff (30), Pembrokeshire (14), Ceredigion (11), Gwynedd (8) and Swansea (8) were the local authorities reporting the highest numbers of individuals sleeping rough. All other local authorities reported 5, or fewer, individuals sleeping rough, with four local authorities reporting zero. [footnote 3][footnote 4]

Ability to compare with statutory homelessness statistics and the rough sleeper count

It is important to note the following differences between this monthly management data collection and our existing data collections and publications on statutory homelessness:

  • This monthly data relates to the number of individuals experiencing homelessness and being supported by local authorities into temporary accommodation or suitable long-term accommodation.
  • Our regular collections on statutory homelessness capture data on number of households, not individuals. That data relates to homelessness as defined by the Housing (Wales) Act 2014.

In addition, we do not recommend comparisons between the rough sleeping estimates from this monthly collection and the annual rough sleeper count (up to November 2019). In this monthly collection, local authorities are asked to base their estimates on local intelligence. The annual rough sleeper count has a different methodology: a two-week information gathering exercise, followed by a one-night snapshot count.


[1] ‘Other’ circumstances refers to reasons other than moved off street, previously sofa surfing, moved from other unsuitable accommodation and prison leavers.

[2] This figure is calculated and not shown in the accompanying data set.

[3]Local authorities are asked to base these estimates on local intelligence, not a one-night count.

[4] Monmouthshire was unable to provide an estimate for September 2023.


Datasets and interactive tools

Homelessness accommodation provision and rough sleeping: September 2023 , file type: ODS, file size: 22 KB

22 KB
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Rachel Shepherd-Hunt

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