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International bi-lateral agreements signed by Welsh Government and countries and regions across the world.

First published:
6 March 2023
Last updated:

A bi-lateral agreement records an understanding between 2 or more parties which is not intended to be binding in law. They can be in the form of a single document and can have a variety of names.

Since devolution, Welsh Ministers have signed a number of bi-lateral agreements with other countries and regions in order to build a mutually beneficial relationship and to further cooperation across a number of policy areas.

Given their non-binding nature, some agreements are not renewed while others lapse and become dormant over time. This can be down to a shift in policy focus, a lack of political will, or simply the agreed cooperation has been achieved or has reached a natural conclusion. The following lists our active bi-lateral agreements at country or regional level:

Quebec: Declaration of Intent

Signed 2020

Areas of co-operation:

  • Economy
  • Innovation
  • Culture
  • Language policy
  • Education

Basque Country: Memorandum of Understanding

Re-signed 2021

Areas of co-operation:

  • Mobility and transport
  • Environment and climate change
  • Technology, innovation and competitiveness
  • Marine energy
  • Agri-food
  • Education and training
  • Fiscal strategy and policy
  • Health and social care
  • Business

Ireland: Joint Statement

Signed 2021

Areas of co-operation:

  • Political and official engagement
  • Climate and sustainability
  • Trade and tourism
  • Education and research
  • Culture, language and heritage
  • Communities, diaspora and sport

Oita Prefecture: Memorandum of Understanding

Signed 2022

Areas of co-operation:

  • Arts and culture
  • Sport
  • Academia
  • Tourism
  • Food and drink

Flanders: Memorandum of Understanding

Signed 2023

Areas of co-operation:

  • Digitisation
  • Education
  • Research
  • Sustainable Futures
  • Language Policy
  • Care
  • Culture

Brittany: Memorandum of Understanding

Re-signed 2023

Areas of co-operation:

  • Culture
  • Language policy
  • Tourism
  • Natural and cultural heritage
  • Sustainable development
  • Teaching and research
  • Youth, sport and European citizenship
  • Agriculture, agrifood and rural development
  • Economy and innovation
  • Cyber security
  • Health, social policy and equality

The Rennes Declaration

Signed by Welsh Government, the Region of Brittany, Scottish Government, Cornwall Council, Xunta of Galicia, the Principado of Asturias, and supported by the Irish Government.

Signed 2023

Areas of potential co-operation:

  • Maritime activities
  • Education and training
  • Mobility
  • Heritage
  • Renewable energy
  • Culture and arts
  • Language
  • Diaspora
  • Innovation and research

Baden-W├╝rttemberg: Shared Statement of Cooperation 

Signed 2023

Areas of co-operation:

  • Trade and Entrepreneurship
  • Science and Research
  • Education and Youth 
  • Culture and Communities
  • Environment and Climate Protection

Silesia: Memorandum of Understanding

Signed 2024

Areas of co-operation:

  • Life Sciences
  • Cyber Security
  • Green transformation of post-industrial landscapes
  • Science and innovation
  • Education
  • Tourism