This article provides a detailed analysis of modelled estimates on the number of households that were unable to afford to keep their home adequately heated as at October 2021.
This article follows the Fuel poverty modelled estimates for Wales (headline results): as at October 2021 published in April 2022 and provides a more detailed analysis of the fuel poverty estimates for 2021. This article presents modelled estimates of fuel poverty calculated for Wales, using the Welsh Housing Conditions Survey 2017-18 as a base. This article has been jointly written by the Building Research Establishment (BRE) and Welsh Government statisticians.
- 14% of all households (196,000 households) and vulnerable households (169,000 households) were living in fuel poverty.
- 3% of all households (38,000) were living in severe fuel poverty and 11% (153,000) were at risk of fuel poverty.
- Households living in the private rented sector were more likely to be fuel poor with 23% of these households living in fuel poverty compared with 13% of owner occupiers or those in social housing.
- 22% of single person households without children were fuel poor, whilst 4% of households with two adults and children were in fuel poverty.
- Households where the respondent is unemployed or on means tested benefits are more likely to be in fuel poverty than those who are not, with 7 in 10 of the households with the lowest 10 percent of incomes being in fuel poverty.
- Households living in older properties were more likely to be fuel poor with 22% of households living in pre-1919 dwellings in fuel poverty.
- Households in dwellings with solid walls were more likely to be fuel poor (21%) than those in dwellings with cavity walls. However, whether cavity walls were insulated (11%) or not (12%) had no significant impact on fuel poverty status.
- Half of households living in dwellings without central heating (50%) were fuel poor compared with 12% of those that had central heating.
- As the EPC rating of the dwelling decreased the likelihood of being fuel poor increased, with households living in dwellings rated bands A to C (8%) the least likely to be fuel poor compared with those in bands F or G (54%).
Fuel poverty modelled estimates for Wales: as at October 2021 , file type: PDF, file size: 775 KB
Datasets and interactive tools
Fuel poverty modelled estimates for Wales: as at October 2021 , file type: ODS, file size: 16 KB
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