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Latest data and analysis on poverty in Wales.

First published:
25 March 2021
Last updated:

Measures of poverty

Relative income poverty

Statistics on people in households in Wales with an income less than 60% of the UK median. Analysed by attributes such as age, economic status and family type.

Persistent poverty

Statistics on people in persistent poverty in Wales, that is, in relative income poverty in at least 3 out of 4 consecutive years.

Material deprivation and low income

Data on children in material deprivation and low income, and pensioners in material deprivation in Wales, from a Department for Work and Pensions survey. Material deprivation refers to the self-reported inability of individuals or households to afford particular goods and activities.

National Survey for Wales

Data covering wellbeing and finances including material deprivation, benefits, debt and food poverty.

Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation

The Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) ranks small areas of Wales by deprivation. WIMD is calculated from eight different domains (or types) of deprivation, each compiled from a range of different indicators, which are also published for small areas and larger geographies.

Fuel poverty

Estimates on the number of households that are unable to afford to keep their home adequately heated, for local authorities.