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Data on persistent poverty in Wales, based on the Department for Work and Pensions’ Income Dynamics report.

First published:
20 February 2019
Last updated:

Latest release

Previous releases

What to keep in mind when interpreting these statistics


In this data series a person is defined as being in persistent poverty if he or she is in relative income poverty in at least 3 out of 4 consecutive years.

Different source

The source for these statistics is the Understanding Society Survey; this is different to the Households Below Average Income report which uses the Family Resources Survey.

Impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic

The Understanding Society Survey suspended face-to-face interviews in March 2020 and switched to a web-first approach. This changed was associated with lower response rates for some groups with weights adjusted accordingly. Caution is advised when making comparisons between Waves 11 and 12 (data collected between 2019 and 2021) and prior waves.